The Certificate of Technical Suitability (CIT) is the final procedure to resolve a negative report in the Sky Marketing a procedure that all constructions must pass (blocks of flats, single-family homes, offices, etc.) and whose objective is to corroborate that the different elements of the property that affect the safety and quality of life of the people who inhabit them are in good condition.
The ITE and the corresponding Certificate of Technical Suitability are also important when buying or selling a building. In fact, one of the first aspects that future buyer’s value is the condition of the home. This will not only affect its final price, since not “approving” this inspection can be a problem for the bank to grant us a mortgage or to process the public deed of sale in the Property Registry. On some occasions, creating the CIT and not passing the ITE can even lead to an economic sanction from the Administration.
Below we tell you what the Certificate of Technical Suitability is, where and how to obtain it, and in which cases it is necessary.
About the Technical Inspection of Buildings (ITE)
Before addressing the issues related to the Certificate of Technical Suitability, we will talk about the Technical Inspection of Buildings. This procedure is compulsory for all buildings from the age of 50, although some Autonomous Communities require it from the age of 30. Once the first ITE has been obtained, periodic reviews should be carried out depending on the characteristics and condition of the building every 3, 6 or 10 years.
What aspects does the ITE analyze?
The ITE analyzes technical issues of a construction such as the situation of the structure and the foundation of the building. Also the state of interior and exterior facades, accessibility elements, cornices, projections or roofs and general plumbing, sanitation and electricity networks.
Who can do it?
The Technical Building Inspection is an official procedure and, therefore, must be carried out by a qualified technical professional. It can be commissioned by any individual, that is, the owner of a building or home, an architect, a surveyor or a building engineer.
The inspection is carried out visually, the professional moving to the home. During the visit, the latter may request from the owner documents and reports related to other ITEs or to technical aspects of construction such as the Building Evaluation Report (IEE) or the Energy Efficiency Certificate.
Once all the data has been verified, the technician will issue, through an online platform, a report with a rating and a series of annotations that will be sent to the competent Administration, from where the appropriate certificate will be processed and approved.
How much does the ITE cost?
The price of a Technical Building Inspection is relative, since it depends on the type of property, its size and its age. Even so, as a general rule, its average cost is around € 500.
In which cases is it necessary to present a Certificate of Technical Suitability?
When a building does not pass the ITE, it obtains an unfavorable report that can be «provisional fit» or «precautionary fit». In both cases, the competent Administration opens a file, since it is considered that the building does not comply with the minimum safety, health or structure conditions provided by legislation.
The only option in both cases is to hire an architect to carry out the appropriate rehabilitation works. The maximum term to carry out these works ranges between 3 and 6 years, depending on the state of the building and the type of intervention to be carried out. Once everything is arranged, you can request to pass the ITE again.
Major works will be carried out when the failures detected in the review affect fundamental parts of the building, such as the load-bearing walls, the pillars or the main façade. These reforms, which can last several months, require the preparation of a project signed by an architect and obtaining the appropriate municipal building permits. Once the work has been carried out and all the deficiencies and defects indicated by the ITE have been fixed, and with the Certificate of Completion of Works, the owner may request to pass the Technical Inspection of Buildings to obtain a positive report.
In the event that the building needs minor , non-relevant works that only involve superficial improvements (reinforcement of walls, change of floors, replacement of windows and doors, change of water and electricity installations, etc.), a Certificate of Technical Suitability signed by an expert technician .
What information appears on the Certificate of Technical Suitability?
The Certificate of Technical Suitability serves to certify that the deficiencies of a building detected during the Technical Inspection of Buildings have been corrected and corrected.
The official procedure contemplates that, once the pertinent works have been carried out, a qualified Technician (the same surveyor or architect, or another qualified professional) will visit the building to verify that the planned modifications have been made. Even so, it is convenient to know that in order to obtain this document, a professional association visa is not mandatory, so the technician acts on an individual level. The price of the Technical Suitability Certificate usually ranges between € 300 and € 400.
Once the building has been reviewed, the technician will send his assessments to the City Council or the corresponding municipal agency for the issuance of the Certificate of Technical Suitability and the definitive obtaining of the ITE. The following information will appear in the report, based on the standard model:
- Building data (address, year of construction, surface, etc.).
- Data of the technician who prepares the report (name, surname, degree, collegiate number, etc.)
- Certification statement. Showing the correction of the deficiencies exposed in the unfavorable Technical Inspection Report, including the date of completion of the works and the file number.
And once I have the Certificate?
With the obtaining of the Certificate of Technical Suitability, the unfavorable file of the City Council on the property is closed. A priori, with this procedure your building or home should not pass any technical inspection until after ten years, although if it is more than 50 this period can be reduced by half (5 years).
On the other hand, without the Certificate of Technical Suitability you will not be able to obtain the ITE in the period of time imposed by the City Council and, without this document, you could face fines of up to € 6,000.
When a building does not have the established requirements for safety, hygiene or public decoration and decorum according to current regulations, its owners are responsible for making the appropriate repairs. Hence the importance of being advised by professionals before carrying out the works and reforms that will not only improve your quality of life and safety, but will also increase the value of your home.
Are you thinking of buying or selling a flat or a house? Do you want to know what documents and certificates you need? Contact Tajarat properties . We are experts in the real estate sector.