Living in a small space does not have to be synonymous with discomfort, uninhabitable or cluttered. In fact, in the so-called “mini-flats” we can find everything we need for our day-to-day life. But what is considered a mini-floor and what is not? How tall must a house be to receive this qualifier?
From Sky Marketing we tell you the advantages of investing in this type of housing, small and demanding, but which can be adjusted more easily to our budget.
What are mini-flats?
Mini-flats are houses of reduced dimensions. Explaining what a miniblog is or is not is not always easy, as there is no single definition and it all depends on what we compare it with.
We can establish as a reference to define what mini-flats are the “standard” houses based on the construction models of the 1970-1980s, which filled our cities with blocks of flats. In a generic way, to be “mini” a floor must have less than 60 m2.
Mini-flats emerge as an option to cover some of the new demands of society, including:
- The lack of space in cities, increasingly populated.
- The increase in single-person households, in which only one person lives.
- The low investment capacity of many people who, dragging on years of crisis and job insecurity, seek alternatives to become independent or to buy a house.
This model of housing is imported from large world cities such as Hong Kong or New York, where the lack of square meters is supplemented by functional and creative designs.
One of the main characteristics of the mini-flats is the optimization of space to obtain the best performance and comfort. Another, its versatility: these types of floors are defined by their minimum dimensions but also because their rooms are “multipurpose”. For this reason, in the mini-apartments we will not talk about “rooms” as such, but about the activities that we can develop in each area of the house.
This line of thinking allows the spaces to be sufficiently equipped to be able to carry out different tasks.
Mini-flats and habitability: how big are the mini-flats?
When we talk about miniblogs we cannot ignore some questions: where is the difference between a flat and a miniblog ? Are there limits from a legal point of view? How many minimum meters does a home need to be considered as such?
In the first place, to be habitable a house must have dimensions, but also have some elements such as bathroom, laundry room and kitchen within its useful area.
The minimum conditions that all types of housing must meet are set out in the Order of the Ministry of the Interior of February 29, 1944, which is still in force in the Autonomous Communities of Spain without specific regulations on habitability.
In other regions, the limitations are included in different regional laws, such as the Integrated Text of the Order of December 7, 2009 of the Department of the Environment, Water, Urban Planning and Housing (applicable to Decree 151/2009) in the case of the Valencian Community; or Law 5/1995 and Law 6/2015 on Housing in the Region of Murcia. Catalonia also has a specific law on habitability of housing approved in 2012.
According to these standards, all homes must have a bedroom with a separate kitchen (due to fumes), a bathroom and a living room distributed over the useful area of the property. However, the number of meters can vary from region to region.
For example, in Murcia, flats and mini-flats must be at least 40 square meters. These dimensions are slightly lower in Madrid (38 m2), Aragon (37 m2) or the Basque Country (36 m2). By contrast, Ceuta (20 m2), Andalusia and Extremadura (25 m2) or Galicia (26 m2) are the Autonomous Communities of Spain where we could find homes adjusted to the legislation with smaller dimensions.
In addition to the surface area, the Valencian Community Habitability Law also establishes other types of characteristics for homes and that mini- flats, as such, must comply with. These characteristics are:
- The space for physiological evacuation should be located in a compartmentalized room.
- The area of the house that has a bathtub or shower will be considered a humid place and, as such, it must be lined with washable and waterproof material.
- If the house has more than one bedroom, the bathroom must have access from a common area.
- The bathroom and toilet will not be the only step to access another room or enclosure (for example, from the bedroom to the kitchen).
Who is this type of home recommended for?
According to data from the INE, in 2017 there were more than 30,000 homes in Spain with an area of less than 30 m2. Most of them were located in cities, especially in those that in recent years have experienced a greater increase in rental prices such as Madrid or Barcelona. This situation has forced many tenants to look for properties that better fit their budgets.
But what is the profile of the people who rent or decide to buy mini-flats?
More than 65.6% of the mini-flats are single-person households. Normally, mini-flats are considered a temporary home to become independent, especially for young people who want to access a first home. But they are also an alternative for people (perhaps not so young), who want to live in central or fashionable neighborhoods, and who are usually more expensive.
The main reason to rent or buy these flats is the economic one. It is clear that living in a tiny apartment forces us to give up meters in our home but, by contrast, its rental or purchase price is usually lower, and it will be easier to assume the mortgage payments if we want to buy a house.
Do you buy or rent the mini-flats?
Mini-flats are usually a good option to live in some of the stages of our life. To begin with, they are usually located in the center of the city and are perfect for spending short periods of time, although they can also end up becoming our permanent home.
Regarding buying or renting, these are our tips:
- If you are looking to rent, these types of homes are usually furnished, especially since every inch is analyzed and equipped to save space. In addition, many of these mini-apartments have been recently renovated.
- If what you want is to buy, the prices of the mini-flats are lower, so it will be easier to take out a mortgage and assume your monthly payments. In addition, these types of flats are usually in areas with a high demand for rental housing and are considered a good investment. In this way, if with the passage of time your financial or personal circumstances change and you decide to move, you will be able to get an economic return from your property.
Mini-flats are one of the trends in the real estate market provided by Tajarat properties that has come to stay due to the lack of space in cities, but also to the new models of homes that make many people not want large but comfortable and functional apartments.